The Man Who SAVED the Roman Empire - Gallienus The Great and Invincible #35 Roman History

  Рет қаралды 97,887

The SPQR Historian

The SPQR Historian

4 ай бұрын

Gallienus ruled an empire that was disintegrating under pressure from foreign invaders. The Senate proclaimed him co-emperor because it saw that no one man could run the vast military operations needed to defend the empire.
Gallienus is a controversial figure, many ancient historians, especially from the senatorial class, talk about his role in bringing Rome to ruin. The reality, however, was very different; modern historians cite him as why the Empire could revive under Aurelian, Probus and Diocletian.
On this channel we focus on Roman History and right now we're doing a video on every Roman Emperor, if you're interested in that subscribe or watch the playlist here:
Narration by: James O'Neil
1:20 - First Couple of Years
8:20 - Usurpers and Tragedy
12:37 - Valerians Campaign
14:22 - The Years of Crisis
20:22 - The Gallic Empire
26:05 - Magnus et Invictus
30:11 - The Gothic War
36:46 - The Conspiracy
38:01 - Final Thoughts
The Battle for Glory
Family - Imperator Rome OST
In The Desert' by @Savfk
Hero's Theme - Twin Musicom
Scott Buckley - Phoenix
Ephemera by Scott Buckley
Miguel Johnson - Good Day To Die
Inescapable - Ugonna Onyekwe
Monster At The Door - Sir Cubworth
The Empty Moons of Jupiter - DivKid
#Emperorsofrome #Romanemperors #SPQR #Romanhistory

Пікірлер: 239
P03SAUCEZ 4 ай бұрын
Ridiculously underappreciated Augustus of Rome. Gallienus had a hell of a career despite suffering just about every setback an Emperor could experience. Thanks for another amazing video SPQRH.
AlexG1020 3 ай бұрын
One thing in my grad research on Late Antiquity military that I learned is just how much Gallienus' military reforms are misattributed to Diocletian and Constantine. Gallienus really set the stage for the Empire to live on throughout the Dominate through his cavalry reforms and permanent fortification techniques. I personally think he is one of the greatest emperors ever, because what makes a man great is playing the cards he is dealt, not the luck of the cards themselves.
Dunois Jean
Dunois Jean 3 ай бұрын
I absolutely agree
MrFredstt 3 ай бұрын
This man had horrible luck and circumstances but despite all that he pushed on and gave it his best instead of standing around complaining. It's a lesson for all of us to take in our own lives
Julian Hermanubis
Julian Hermanubis 4 ай бұрын
This video is long overdue. Roman historians after Gallienus had ulterior motives for blackening his reputation, and later historians took up their opinions uncritically. But, when you look at all of the evidence, the worst thing you can say about him is that he wasn't Aurelian. But who was? Gallienus had every disadvantage but he survived and held together the center. And don't forget he was the main patron for Plotinus, the founder of the philosophical school of Neoplatonism, which is incredibly important to the intellectual world of late antiquity and the early Middle Ages.
Wrath of Arminius
Wrath of Arminius 4 ай бұрын
You sound just as nerdy about this stuff as me. I subbed to you even though you have no content. Just cuz your a kindred spirit. Now go make a video, then come back here and let me know.
Julian Hermanubis
Julian Hermanubis 4 ай бұрын
@Wrath of Arminius I'd seriously been thinking about it. I just might if I can clear up the time.
Geordie Jones
Geordie Jones 4 ай бұрын
It was Diocletion who started it. He took credit for what Gallienus, Claudius, Auralien and Probus all did and tried to ignore them entirely.
הדר פלבר
הדר פלבר 3 ай бұрын
This is legit exactly what I was going to write. Gallienus gets so much shit, but his big irredeemable flaw was simply not being Aurelianus. That's just an impossible standard to hold anyone to. It's like calling Philipus II a bad king because he wasn't Alexander.
A Valle
A Valle 3 ай бұрын
Their is something beautiful in tragic heroes that I love. Gallienus, Majorian, Stilico and Aecius fought with all their willpower to mantain a crumbling empire from total colapse.
R D F 3 ай бұрын
Don't forget belisarius I feel like he is the very embodiment of all those who fought so hard to preserve what was crumbling what was about to fall and what had fallen.
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri 2 ай бұрын
​@R D F Belisarius was more of a restorer, since like Aurelian, Diocletian, or Constantine, he actually succeeded.
Kekianvs Maximvs
Kekianvs Maximvs 2 ай бұрын
what about Aurelian?
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri 2 ай бұрын
@Kekianvs Maximvs As tragic as his death was, Aurelian SUCCEEDED in restoring Rome.
Victor E
Victor E Күн бұрын
Sertorius too, in the era before the fall of the republic
प्रियदर्शी 3 ай бұрын
The testament to ability of Gallienus is that he reigned for 15 years straight, in a time when average Roman emperor reigned for, like, 1-3 years at best. His idea of having a central reserve cavalry force that rapidly rides to cut down enemies all across the empire, was directly improved and adopted wholesale by Diocletian and Constantine in the form of Comitatenses.
Soap Maker
Soap Maker 4 ай бұрын
Gallienus gets an A for effort. He tried his best.
CiODiO ADiO 3 ай бұрын
I guess that would be an official earning of use of the all encompassing word developed for this type of situation, for the admirable actions of an individual 2000 years in the past judged worthy by the scholarly types around the whole world who agree thru communication and discussion on a device known as a computer 2000 years into the future, that said recipient is officially badass enough to receive an "A" for "effort"aka the much coveted "Affort" is hereby awarded to Galienus, etc etc Emperor of the Roman Empire etc etc on this day of etc etc LOL Here Here!!!!
Xiuhcoatl 3 ай бұрын
I might be alone in this, but Gallienus is a genuine top 5 Roman Emperor for me. He literally did the best he could to save Rome... When he really didn't need to. Think about what a life he lived and he must have known he was fighting a losing battle, but he still fought. He literally took an arrow and kept going. No one would have blamed him if he had just gone full debauchery and hedonist and left the empire to rot, but he didn't. Tragedy after tragedy he still fought to preserve the empire no matter what. I would even argue that it's because of this tenacity that the crisis would eventually come to an end. He fought the losing battle so that Rome may emerge victorious in the war. Truly one of the greatest Romans... And one of the greatest Men of all time.
Ákos Torma
Ákos Torma 4 ай бұрын
A seriously underrated Agustus of Roman history. I've been waiting for this ^^
The ice pick that killed Trotsky
The ice pick that killed Trotsky 4 ай бұрын
One of the most underrated Roman emperors.
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri 3 ай бұрын
THE most underrated Emperor.
Caesar Augustus
Caesar Augustus 4 ай бұрын
I read historical books about Roman Emperors written not more than twenty years ago. Almost all of them considered Gallienus as a very bad emperor, who sit around and watched everything around him burn. He even insulted Valerian, his own father, for dying pathetically. But the only source for that slander is Historia Augusta, a known historical book that was filled with outright wrong information. Now, it's pretty obvious, using all information about the period, that Gallienus was a good Emperor in a very unfortunate times. He was so damn unlucky and was paid for his good service with nothing but his own death and those of his family one by one, traitors, secession and damnation...
Square Deal
Square Deal 4 ай бұрын
Seems have made a lot of enemies, even Aurelian turned against him, must have been doing something wrong.
Caesar Augustus
Caesar Augustus 4 ай бұрын
@Square Deal I suspect that Gallienus became very suspicious and paranoid at the very end. He was betrayed by literally everyone, after all. He lost his father and both of his sons were murdered. Maybe that was the reason...
iDeath MaximuM II
iDeath MaximuM II 4 ай бұрын
@MrSergore It's worth a mention that while he may have itched his Commanders into a planned revolt. His regular soldiers were of a different mindset They absolutely loved him & got super pissed off when they found out he was dead. Claudius had to calm them down but things got worse when they got reports about the Senate killing Gallienus's remaining family & supporters in Rome. The soldiers upon hearing this got even more uncomfortable & pissed that at some point Claudius wrote to the Senate "Stop killing his family & friends or else this Army will march on Rome" (not in these words but you get the idea)
Caesar Augustus
Caesar Augustus 4 ай бұрын
@Wrath of Arminius You got a far better name of the channel, since you can change the name that appears easily in the settings! Nice song, btw
MM2 4 ай бұрын
SPQR, thank you for doing all these. Of the many takes on Rome/Roman emperors, I think I like yours the best!
Dunois Jean
Dunois Jean 3 ай бұрын
In my opinion, Gallienus was one of the best roman emperors ever. If he had lived one century earlier, he could be as successful same as Vespasianus or Traianus. Unfortunately, he lived in incredible difficult times. Never before were the Roman empire attacked from so many enemies at the same time and never before took place so many uprisings simultanesly. Despite such disasters, Gallienus tried do the best he could and turned away the collapse of the empire. Later sucesful emperors as Aurelianus or Diocletianus just countinued in work he began.
GENOSIA Production
GENOSIA Production 4 ай бұрын
A great rule, disappointing to see how Gallienus’ demise went down…
PridedTomb55 4 ай бұрын
I bet Gallienus was like "Can I catch a damn break I just came from that region" He was great in my eyes bc he was up and moving his nickname should be the saddle. Another day another barbarian horde and usurper to put down lol
R D F 3 ай бұрын
He was like a main protagonist in a story with no plot armor.
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri 3 ай бұрын
One of the great Emperors for sure. Gallienus walked so Aurelianus and Diocletianus could run.
Bdleo Ай бұрын
Being an emperor in this period was the worst/most dangerous job in the Empire: going up and down all over the empire all the time, fighting one barbarian incursion after another (plus Persians), while constantly worrying that your own army will rebel or just kill you on spot.
The Cat
The Cat 3 ай бұрын
I wish all of your videos were so deeply in-depth as this masterpiece, I’ve always found Valerian and Galllianeus the most fascinating of the 3rd century emperors, seriously just a fantastic episode can’t wait for your Claudius video
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri 2 ай бұрын
Gallienus was arguably a better all around emperor than Aurelian. Aurelian was very much a general (the greatest in the third century even), and ran the empire like his army: no messing around, ruthless, efficient. He was the right man for the mess of the 270s. Gallienus was a skilled commander, a military reformer, adaptible, cultured, and tolerant. In a time of peace, Gallienus would still be one of the best, while Aurelian would resemble an intensely religious version of Septimius Severus.
Vincent Kosik
Vincent Kosik 3 ай бұрын
This is incredible account of this period and I've been a student of Late Roman History for decades...wonderful telling and production, thank you
Morgan David
Morgan David 3 ай бұрын
Ran across your site by accident. So glad I did. A good story about a very underrated emperor. Keep up the good work.
iDeath MaximuM II
iDeath MaximuM II 4 ай бұрын
The man who held Rome together, patching up holes everywhere The only reason Gallienus was so brutal in his Reign was because he was just so fed up with all the bullshit. 2 out of 3 sons are murdered His father captured with an unknown fate in Persia Revolts out the fucking ass The slaughter at Byzantium was mostly just him being sick of it & just told his men "Fuck it, kill them all, JUST KILL THEM ALREADY" And him challenging Postumus to single combat was likely him not only wanting to avoid the spill of Roman blood but also wanting to personally avenge his sons death Men he trusted betrayed him, so I could see why he would just tell his men to kill anyone who wasn't loyal to him as that was an immediate red flag that a revolt was gonna happen It's also worth mentioning that the Army LOVED him alot. Maybe not the Commanders but the regular soldiers yes. When they heard that he was dead, they became extremely upset & Claudius had to calm them down. But once reports came in that the Senate was massacring Gallienus's remaining family in Rome, the Soldiers once again got very upset & threatened to march on Italy. So Claudius had to personally write to the Senate for them to stop
Just like me
Just like me 4 ай бұрын
Thanks for the info as a Roman enthusiastic i never knew about that.
iDeath MaximuM II
iDeath MaximuM II 4 ай бұрын
@justlikeme2797 No problem man! Watching videos of historians talk about events & piecing everything together has made me learn alot. I am a very big fan of Roman history. No matter the period, Kingdom, Republic, Empire, the Eastern Empire, etc.
Russell George
Russell George 4 ай бұрын
I have to agree. To be honest the most I know about Gallienus is through Mike Duncan, who wasn't exactly gushing about him, but the facts in his narrative seemed to describe an emperor who was making a good fist of a shitty situation .
wilson the conqueror
wilson the conqueror Ай бұрын
Wow! Gallienus had a tumultuous reign to say the least! His military innovation was interesting concerning the calvary. Over a 15 year reign he had his critics and enemies. Many he was able to suppress but eventually "they" got him in the end. It was a very difficult time with so many incursions and generals being proclaimed Emperor whenever they would win a skirmish with some tribe. His harsh treatment of enemies, rebels insubordination by soldiers you could see this was a man that had lost his father & two sons to the strains of Emperorship and was in no mood to suffer fools. He tried to innovate by taking a second wife and use that alliance to supplement border security. But something more was needed. And we would see that later on with Diocletian and the Tetrarchy. Well done! Enjoyed that immensely!
Jef Seitz
Jef Seitz 2 ай бұрын
Greetings. I very much appreciate your diligence and approach to addressing this very complex and convoluted part of history. You present the facts as you know them, as well as clearly stating when you are expressing an opinion. This is something that I have found rare in my life, else I may have continued my formal education instead of joining the Army, which was an education of the world as it really is. As I am older, I appreciate the bot you have started to use in narration, as it is easier for ME to follow, and the cadence used doesn't lull me into inattention. Not that YOU ever did, I just had to strain to follow your vocal cadence. If I strain too much to focus on one thing, I miss the details that I want to hear. I say that with all respect and absolutely no intention of offence. As I have said, I AM old, with a small amount of brain damage. In closing sir, once again all respect as well as best wishes for your future endeavors, which I look forward to with a great deal of interest.
Quantrill 3 ай бұрын
Like Gallienus, this channel is massively under-appreciated. How am I just finding this gold mine of content?
Adrian Emrick
Adrian Emrick 4 ай бұрын
Man I missed this guy's voice on history marche. Amazing video covering a topic I didn't know anything about. I wish youtube would send me notifications with any regularity. Especially with channels that don't post super often.
Nigel Mansfield
Nigel Mansfield 4 ай бұрын
What a wonderful exposé. I was aware of Gallienus but didn't know he had started using cataphracts. Thank you for this video.
4of92000 2 ай бұрын
Without Gallienus, Aurelian would have no empire to restore.
TecmoBowlGuy 25 күн бұрын
Gallienus worked his tail off! Great example of why you need to build a strong talent pipeline of engaged/capable/loyal people. Just impossible to lead on a large scale when you are constantly just putting out fires.
myroseaccount 3 ай бұрын
This story needs to be committed to celluloid, film or TV. Arguably even more interesting than Caesar himself
Robert DesVeaux
Robert DesVeaux 3 ай бұрын
I’ve never heard of this dude 🎉 1 great thing about this channel: the narrator takes his time: I really appreciate that 😊
Chad 4 ай бұрын
You need to continue and do all the emperors. Fourth and fifth century emperors are exciting too.
NateTheGnat 4 ай бұрын
Everyone gushes over the rock stars like Aurelian or Majorian, but I'd argue Gallienus was more vital to Rome's survival. Gallienus has to be the most underrated Roman emperor, who ruled during the most dangerous time in the Roman Empire. His is as underrated as Antoninus Pius who ruled during the most peaceful time of the Roman Empire. Neither man is talked about, yet each was absolutely essential for Rome's success. If Gallienus hadn't done what he did, Rome would have certainly dissolved in the 260s AD and become a barbarian state. And on top of that, he did it all while his co-emperor Valerian was literally kidnapped and executed by a foreign king. And if Antoninus Pius hadn't made his decisions he did, then the Pax Romana may have not existed at all.
Chad 3 ай бұрын
Gallianus was a reason it fell into such tough times. He couldn't fix the issues. The Illyrian emperors did
NateTheGnat 3 ай бұрын
@Chad Gallienus also invented the Roman cavalry. He was ahead of his time. But, like Domitian (another good emperor) the senate did not like him so they smeared him in the history books.
Alexander Kordas
Alexander Kordas 2 ай бұрын
Antoninus Pius was a very good administrator, but did NOT face the crises and problems that plagued later emperors, even for instance his immediate successor (Marcus Aurelius).
Justin Mills
Justin Mills 3 ай бұрын
This was great! Very detailed but also comprehensive. I learned a lot. Or at least I heard a lot of things I didn’t know, we’ll see down the road how much I learned.
Eazy-E Ryder
Eazy-E Ryder 4 ай бұрын
It was AURELIANwho saved Rome. It is true though that Gallienus was an insanely UNDERrated hero who helped Claudius II Conquer the Goths but then he got quite literally stabbed in the back.
David Edbrooke-Coffin
David Edbrooke-Coffin 3 ай бұрын
Same as stilicho
René Morao
René Morao 4 ай бұрын
Excellent and detailed video. And the final thoughts are really fair if all he did was true. The Empire needed a king like him at that time for sure
Tobias Bourne
Tobias Bourne 4 ай бұрын
Ending is just depressing Rest in Peace Top G
R Farrr
R Farrr 4 ай бұрын
This channel does not get nearly the high plaudits and attention it richly deserves
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri 2 ай бұрын
Gallienus played the cruelest game of whack a mole. Always fixing one crisis only to be met with another.
Ezzo von Achalm
Ezzo von Achalm Ай бұрын
Exeptional portrait of emperor Galienus ,the best of such entreprises of historians traying an excellent equilibrium between panegyric and critique. !
ひろゆき二十一 4 ай бұрын
Great video once again! Is there a way to support this channel? Also, can you recommend at least top 5 books for Roman history.
Lars Ronæs
Lars Ronæs 4 ай бұрын
So many Romans who suddenly meet their fate with an _"Argh!"_ 🤣 Great video, interesting story.
Kalo Arepo
Kalo Arepo 3 ай бұрын
I have been to the city of Thessaloniki (Salonica) in northern Greece and I believe that the stout tower that has become the symbol of the city (-the White Tower I think it's called) was built under the auspices of Gallienus.
Kalo Arepo
Kalo Arepo 3 ай бұрын
Sorry !!! Got Gallienus mixed up with Galerius -a slightly later Roman emperor and he had a structure known as the rotunda built in Thessaloniki -he White Tower was built by the Ottomans -incidentally the city remained Turkish well into the 20th century.
Gianmarco Da Col
Gianmarco Da Col 3 ай бұрын
Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus Chadicus Maximus. Read L. De Blois The policy of emperor Gallienus. Hands down one of the best and underrated emperors period. Well done boy
Alcohol-Free Beer
Alcohol-Free Beer 3 ай бұрын
So Ingenuus was being Dis-Ingenuus when he took his job 😉; also, Gallienus' nickname should have been The Lawnmower the way he had to carry on cutting guys down everywhere all the time. If Rome had had road miles the way we have air miles today, Gallienus would have been on permanent discount prices his whole life the way he got dragged from pillar to post.
Chris Mac
Chris Mac 3 ай бұрын
Well narrated as always!
David Doherty
David Doherty 3 ай бұрын
Always a good story teller, love chilling to these documentary's
Pierre S.
Pierre S. 4 ай бұрын
The unsung hero of the Third Century Crisis.
GeWi 3 ай бұрын
Hey guys, great video! I wonder what program or app you use to make these videos? :) Would appreciate a response very much!
Legiran 4 ай бұрын
Rome's greatest threat was itself.
M S 3 ай бұрын
Being Roman Emperor at that period must've sucked. Why anyone would want that job is not really clear. Great video.
Nathaniel's Creative Collections
Nathaniel's Creative Collections 4 ай бұрын
Looking over my Gallienus coins again, I think I'll value them higher from now on.
Игорь Пак
Игорь Пак 3 ай бұрын
Gallienus: Can you stop proclaiming new emperors FOR 5 F*CKING MINUTES?
Shamsuaddin Rachedi
Shamsuaddin Rachedi Ай бұрын
Its been a while bro whats happening, cant wait for Claudius Gothicus and finally, Aurelian❤️
Anselm Danker
Anselm Danker 4 ай бұрын
Thank you for covering this Emperor.
Kyle Schaff
Kyle Schaff 4 ай бұрын
Don’t usually watch these videos, but I have to for my favorite emperor
Tom labienus
Tom labienus 3 ай бұрын
The most tragic of all emperors until then, it must be incredibly frustrating to live in that time and see how the Romans themselves no longer want to save the empire, only pursue their selfish interests. It is unbearable to see the number of traitors taking up arms, leaving the borders unprotected and exposing the empire to looting and death. He should have been more cruel, since there is no greater crime than the one committed by all those traitors. Respect to Odaenathus.
M S 4 ай бұрын
I have a small nitpick on an otherwise great video. Gallienus (joint emperor with his father from 253 to 260 and sole emperor till 268) was the 3rd longest ruling emperor of the 3rd century. Both Septimius Severus (emperor from 193 to 211) and Diocletian (284 - 305 though in truth till his death in 311) have him beaten there.
nordicpatriot 4 ай бұрын
Depends how you choose to define being a ruling emperor. Septimius Severus was only undisputed emperor from 197, when his last rival was killed in battle, that makes it 14 years of rule. His son Caracalla was made co-ruler in 197 and augustus the year after. His younger son Geta was also named augustus from 209 onwards. Now, that may just have been symbolic, but in the case of Gallienus, it seems to be clear that he had real political power from the start of his reign in 253. It's also hard to explain how he could have survived his fathers capture by the Persians, if he had not already secured for himself a solid powerbase, independent of his father. As for Diocletian, he was only sole ruler of the empire for a short while, he soon invented a completely new political system, the so-called tetrarchy, where political power in the empire was divided between four rulers.
John Murdoch
John Murdoch 3 ай бұрын
Gallienus was longest lasting ruler of the crisis period (death of alexander to diocletian)
nordicpatriot 3 ай бұрын
@John Murdoch Correct. No small achievement.
🤎Choi_Tom_Woo🥐 Constantine #roadto100subs
🤎Choi_Tom_Woo🥐 Constantine #roadto100subs 4 ай бұрын
Poor Gallienus had been betrayed by Aurelian and Claudius II who had collaborated with the Praetorian Guards, and before that, he had been screwed by many usurpers, the senate, many natural disasters and even the murder of his son Salonnius which had triggered him the most!! If Gallienus know the conspiracy of Aurelian, his fate would be very different (Also pin this message so that every GALLIENVS fan could see it; I decided to repost again :< ) : After he survived the assassination, he made an impressive speech to all his generals and the speech was similar to Alexander's in Opis, telling them how he guarded Rome against the dark ages, and he rewarded these generals by promoting them, and even his own secret: He was the reincarnation of GAIVS IVILVS CAESAR while saying one word like GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR in 47 BC: "Quirites.", Gallienus, 268 AD His generals IMMEDIATELY stopped the idea of killing Gallienus, instead, they bowed down to him while praising him as DEVS. In 269, he would march on Naissus, killing every Goth as many as possible and recruiting the remainder as his army by mercy, He recovered half of Gaul and Hispania not only to take advantage of the infighting in Gallic Empire but also to take revenge on his dead "ally" Postumus, who indirectly relieved parts of his burden by defending the Rhine frontier, A fat, ugly anti-Gallienus senator called @tap who had encouraged people to debase the coinage and support Postumus gave the whole of the Italy Penisula to the Gallic Empire, immediately marched into Italy and wore his GOLDEN wreath, defeated @tap, executed the senator by flaying him alive brutally and tossed his corpse into a fire during a sacrifice in the fashion of the execution of Valerian which had been told by Christians (myth only), as @tap was responsible for murdering Gallienus' wife and raped many women, Barbarian hordes were invading the empire like the Vandals, but he crushed them with his generals while willing to integrate them into Roman society for their known warrior reputations, He cleaned all the decadence in Rome by dismissing or executing the corrupt senators, and confiscating their properties for his army pay while replacing all these positions with his army officers like Probus and Diocletian in the senate, He built MASSIVE fortifications in Rome something similar to Aurelian Walls (Gallienus Walls), to keep Rome safe from any enemies, For Danube safety, he created Little Dacia by reducing the size of Dacia which was 1/4 to its original size, while repelling the Goths with his best general Aurelian, and delivering IVSTICE to Cinva, He and Aurelian would gather all cavalrymen he had created, and wreck Zenobia's empire completely, as an act for revenge of another dead ally Odaenathus, and even captured Zenobia, Returning west, given the fact he acted like Stilicho in the 260s, he would solely CRVSH the Gallic Empire, sparing all cities that he had conquered and forcing Tetricus to bow down before him, Despite becoming bald like Carus and losing his father and all his sons, Gallienus saved Rome from the brink of collapse in 280 AD, when he was 62 years old. When he marched on Rome of triumph, he was declared by everyone as RESTITVTOR ORBIS, same as Aurelian in 274 AD despite taking a long time, Shockingly, he pardoned Zenobia and Tetricus, allowing them for returning to their respective homeland, gave their descendants senatorial ranks, and even defied Postumus and Odaenathus, building MARBLE statues of them in Rome, alongside Gallienus, He was GALLIENVS, the only emperor better than AVGVSTVS and TRAIANVS. Not only he had saved the empire, but also decided to rebuild it from the ashes. In the final campaign, GALLIENVS raised an army and EXPAND the empire towards the Persian Gulf and parts of the Media, DESTROYED Cestiphon completely and erected a GIANT statue of his own like Trajan there, and even recovered his father's remains, who died of old age around 20 years before and gave a proper burial by Shapur I. He sacked the way to Merv and killed the incompetent shah Bahram II, forcing it to pay a huge sum of reparations, even deeper into India aimed at looting gold, food, and slaves there, to completely restore the wealth of the empire, After the campaign, he did his usual duties, travelling to every corner of the empire for defeating any threat like barbarian hordes, while solving any crisis in the empire until he died in 298 AD, leaving a strong and prosperous empire behind him, and handled his throne to his son-in-law, Constantius I Chlorus. "I did it, Gaius...Your reincarnation had successfully restored the Republic and rebuilt it with gold..."- GALLIENVS' last words to his son-in-law Constantius I Chlorus, before dying. His body gradually became cold, but his eyes never closed while smiling at Constantius I, perhaps he was happy with his people and the empire... GALLIENVS, the RESTITVTOR ORBIS, died of old age in his palace, three months after he became gravely ill and defeated a barbarian horde. Tears rolled out of Constantius I's eyes, as he saw his father-in-law's GIGANTIC body was dissipated into gold dust (In the fashion of Jane Foster in Marvel), and winds carried it into heaven. The same day when GALLIENVS ascended to heaven, everyone cried hard to mourn him, And his body was not cremated, instead, he stayed in heaven, and watched his empire thrive under the reign of his grandson, Constantine I... "I see the city of Rome has been decorated with gold and silver, the coins aren't as worthless as the beginning of my reign. My cenotaph isn't located in the Hadrian Mausoleum... Instead, it was located in Trier to use my divine light to scare off the barbarians. It is because... I, Gallienus, am both a Roman god and a Christian Saint.", GALLIENVS Note: The fanfiction is created by me, as an act to express Gallienus' heroism and my fondness for him.
Geordie Jones
Geordie Jones 4 ай бұрын
I would have conspired against this guy too he couldn't even beat Postumus and he let Odenauthus undermine his reign.
iDeath MaximuM II
iDeath MaximuM II 4 ай бұрын
@Geordie Jones He repeatedly defeated Postumus actually. But his commanders always failed in capturing him or barely tried. And the deal with Odenauthus didn’t undermine his rule. Both men realized the danger of the Persians & decided it was smarter to befriend each other than waste resources fighting each other when there was the Germans & Persians at their throats
Burgermeister1836 Ай бұрын
Reminds me of Unbiased History
Artem O. Shapovaloff
Artem O. Shapovaloff 4 ай бұрын
Awesome ) now do for Aurelian pls)
Srđan Vujnović
Srđan Vujnović Ай бұрын
Are the mighty Claudius Gothicus and the the Restorer coming anytime soon?
John Murdoch
John Murdoch 3 ай бұрын
I always felt gallienus had the most thankless position of any emperor..hhe got ragged on as a decadent do nothing meanwhile spent his entire teign running from one part of the empire to the other putting down invasions and usurpers, and lost basically his whole family to usurpers. He was killed for failing to do a job that was next to impossible to do..and all that for a man who had not come up through the ranks like so many others.
Everything Network
Everything Network 4 ай бұрын
The True Savior of Rome
artur le perokè
artur le perokè 4 ай бұрын
FINALLY some love for this CHAD!
Field Hood Gaming - FHG
Field Hood Gaming - FHG 4 ай бұрын
Amazing work, thank you :)
Enclave Emily
Enclave Emily 4 ай бұрын
Imagine you hold more than half of europe, half of "Asia", and all of North Africa, but then it starts to crumble. I don't think most or any person today would have the mental fortitude to handle all of that PLUS colossal hordes AND inside scheming for 15 whole years while STILL having time to indulge in upper class interests like he did, especially back when you had to walk to every single place things happened in. A gigachad through and through, the man should be taught in all western schools today as an example of perseverance and working under pressure.
Bradley Adams
Bradley Adams 3 ай бұрын
Gallienus was superior 3rd century military tactics because of his higher sophistication and education by comparison to his contemporaries, but he was always contested Emperor. It's one thing to be challenged by outside forces, but Gallienus is a perfect analogy for marriage. If Rome isn't united, there certainly will be challenges by outside forces. Even as pagans when it was okay, this Roman compulsion to portray one's self as Helios always was strong basis for maximum resentment, especially when the provinces weren't well protected. It's the world falling apart on paganism at the time of underground better humanity in Christianity. Most history is a focus on those in power at the time, but a lot more leads to these protest and revolts.
Jönni Heinistö
Jönni Heinistö 13 күн бұрын
Michael LeBlanc
Michael LeBlanc 4 ай бұрын
Simply excellent. Thank you.
Highly Grillpilled
Highly Grillpilled 4 ай бұрын
Are you going to do Claudius Gothicus next?
Satan 3 ай бұрын
I remember these days, I was a busy dude getting things set up for the Dark Ages, Crusades, Inquisition, and such. But I did My share of partying in Gaul.
warlord david
warlord david 4 ай бұрын
[SPQR] we have the quote on quote 4 good emperors, trajan to Marcus starting with the old guy no one remembers. But I would say starting with Valerian to Aurelian, we get the 4 genius emperors. All genius military political and even somewhat financial for their time, that kept the empire together. These four halted the decline and laid the foundations for a stable empire under Diocletian. What do you think?
dimo 4 ай бұрын
let's all forget Probus, he was so useless 😃
iDeath MaximuM II
iDeath MaximuM II 4 ай бұрын
@dimo How dare you insult Probus :(
dimo 4 ай бұрын
@iDeath MaximuM II well huh, i meant exactly the opposite, replying to ''4 genius emperors'', with Probus missed as if he was not worth mentioning
Chad 2 ай бұрын
Looks like these guys gave up doing their Roman Emperor videos or they made too many mistakes on this one and are taking a long time. Don't understand why. Claudius Gothicus should be a very short video.
Trajan Augustus 🏹
Trajan Augustus 🏹 4 ай бұрын
Another great video 👍
Muhamad Singhateh
Muhamad Singhateh 3 ай бұрын
The size of the empire was just too much to manage
porphyry 4 ай бұрын
Gallienus... he seemed to take the blunt of the Crisis and not fall at all. but what got to him were... the traitors. including those two... Claudius II and Aurelian. he did not deserve that faith.
Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus 4 ай бұрын
A stain on their reputations for sure. Takes some of the shine off Aurelian's golden mask!
Chad 4 ай бұрын
@Septimius Severus Aurelian is just one source. There's several others who say he wasn't a part of it
Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus 4 ай бұрын
@Chad Yes, but it should not be discounted.
shadow2000 3 ай бұрын
Very good video love it !
Ragael 4 ай бұрын
dedicated his life to the empire, wins victory after victory. gets killed by his troops. wtf!
Square Deal
Square Deal 4 ай бұрын
Was he given the opportunity to negotiate on having his father returned? Same question for his sons?
iDeath MaximuM II
iDeath MaximuM II 4 ай бұрын
Both his sons were murdered No time to negotiate with Persia due to multiple Revolts
Creations XL
Creations XL 4 ай бұрын
THE* most underrated Roman emperor.
dimo 4 ай бұрын
...after Probus
Nico Bruin
Nico Bruin 2 ай бұрын
Aureolios being proclaimed emperor made me so fucking furious
Effective Programmer
Effective Programmer 3 ай бұрын
This guys IQ was OP imo sad he could not catch a break
آكل الدهون
آكل الدهون 4 ай бұрын
Love ❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️ Roman history.
Mark Banash
Mark Banash 3 ай бұрын
Not bad for a guy whose father may have been turned into a footstool.
AARon of Missouri
AARon of Missouri Күн бұрын
Still waiting for Marcus Aurelius Claudius.
Natalia Mundell
Natalia Mundell 3 ай бұрын
Revolts everywhere stymied the Roman man power and ability to react to the many incursions His Calvary stratagem is genius but didn't think to fortified the gaps that where proven present when an incursions happened, he was too trusting if people who proved traitors consistently and didn't show any consequences for other tribes attacking the empire allowing them to try and know that they would not be put to slaughter like Carthaginians where making the attacks less risky in the long run for the offending attackers
Joseph Piskac
Joseph Piskac 4 ай бұрын
Totally excellent!
Dirt013 3 ай бұрын
You deserve more notice.
alessandro gini
alessandro gini 4 ай бұрын
So syvanne says that gallienus kills,how many alemannics in Mediolanum battle?
Alejandro Aranda Rickert
Alejandro Aranda Rickert 4 ай бұрын
Aureolus: one who betrays once betrays twice
porphyry 4 ай бұрын
Aureolus was Daco-Roman. i am a Romanian. he btrayed twice. i... um.... :|
Fortunato Martino
Fortunato Martino 3 ай бұрын
It's about time to glorify the Roman Empire again
Transilvanian90 4 ай бұрын
If that had been me, I'd have been AT LEAST as merciless to all the disloyal traitors, usurpers and mutineers popping up everywhere. He should've instituted some sort of hostage system to keep generals' children close to him at all times, to ensure loyalty. Aureolus should've been brutally executed after his first revolt.
Brent Ritchie
Brent Ritchie 3 ай бұрын
A tough job with a really harsh retirement plan!
Eddie Sid
Eddie Sid 3 ай бұрын
What a sad end to what seems like a pretty great General and Emperor.
Square Deal
Square Deal 2 ай бұрын
We want Gothicus!
Gregory Little
Gregory Little 4 ай бұрын
Great clip about an man who is too lost in flood of the lesser men during the third century. The English in the banners (?) cast a truly unnecessary shadow of mediocrity over an otherwise very professional presentation. PLEASE slow down and proofread before publishing. It was, however, as always very informative!
Palace Haunter
Palace Haunter 4 ай бұрын
A classic Emperor better than overrated Aureillean or Valerian.
Andrew Pestotnik
Andrew Pestotnik 4 ай бұрын
Aurelian is not overrated lol
JustinCage 4 ай бұрын
@Andrew Pestotnik He's not overrated but some people act like he was a living god tbvh
Palace Haunter
Palace Haunter 4 ай бұрын
@Andrew Pestotnik Tried to force Sol Invictus on everyone. Began very early Dominate features of the empire via the military. Ignored Tetricus issues of problems in the rhine. Restoring Empire made easy by Tetricus surrender and Zenobia being a fool.
Andrew Pestotnik
Andrew Pestotnik 4 ай бұрын
@Palace Haunter how do you feel about Constantine and Theodosius forcing Christianity on everyone?
Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus 4 ай бұрын
@JustinCage I respect Aurelian as much as anyone, but the amount of fanboys who e - suck him off, it's ridiculous... _too_ much Dovahatty.
aleph 14 күн бұрын
anyone know what the art at 28:51 is called?
dimo 4 ай бұрын
This is the best video on the reign of Gallienus i have seen so far. However it presents a bit idealised image of this emperor. With all his good qualities and determination, Gallienus seemed to be somewhat vain and snobbish patrician, who tended to be cruel and eccentric. To me he looks like a more mediocre Hadrian but in much worse conditions.
Timothy Kimemia
Timothy Kimemia 4 ай бұрын
Great great video.💯
The Lost Atomic Bomb At The Bottom Of The Pacific Ocean | Lost Nuke | Timeline
Timeline - World History Documentaries
Рет қаралды 2,1 МЛН
Josh's Coins & More
Рет қаралды 24
Super Mario cake vs Soda  | Ice Cream Challenge | PavloBobo
Рет қаралды 17 МЛН
Skibidi Toilet 2 At 10 Years Old, 20 Years Old And 90 Years Old #shorts
MineCUBE - Monster School Animations
Рет қаралды 21 МЛН
Hadrian - The Restless Emperor #14 Roman History Documentary Series
The SPQR Historian
Рет қаралды 311 М.
Marcus Aurelius - The Philosopher Emperor #17 Roman History Documentary Series
History of Ukraine: The Ukrainian Path to Independence
History Mapped Out
Рет қаралды 369
The Untold Story Of Emperor Vespasian | Vespasian | Odyssey
Odyssey - Ancient History Documentaries
Рет қаралды 2,9 МЛН
Honorius: Barbarians, Usurpers and the Sack of Rome
Eastern Roman History
Рет қаралды 12 М.
Lucius Verus - The Overlooked Emperor #16 Roman History Documentary Series